The Capital - Summary and Key Ideas

"The Capital" is a critical analysis of capitalist society, in which Karl Marx examines the dynamics of capitalism, the exploitation of the working class, and the role of capital in the economy.

"The Capital" is aimed at readers who want to gain a deep understanding of the economic laws of motion of modern society and are willing to learn new concepts and think independently.

Buy the book
The Capital

Key ideas


Marx's critique of political-economic science is a comprehensive tool for uncovering hidden social and economic realities and challenging the structures of capitalist society.

Play in App

Commodities - The Masks of Social Labor: Commodities hold a dual use and exchange value, yet their true worth stems from concealed social labor.

Play in App

Profit - The Fruit of Unpaid Labor: Profit in capitalism emerges from surplus value, the result of unpaid labor by workers.

Play in App

The Unique Commodity of Labor Power: Labor power is unique in capitalism, as it produces more value than its cost.

Play in App

The Dual Reality of Alienation and Exploitation: Workers face exploitation and alienation in capitalism, stripped of the full value of their labor.

Play in App

Class Struggle - The Engine of Historical Development: Inherent class struggles between bourgeoisie and proletariat fuel historical progress.

Play in App

The Concentration of Wealth - A Recipe for Instability: Capitalist competition leads to wealth concentration, sowing seeds for social unrest.

Play in App

Capitalist Crises - The Product of Overproduction: Capitalism's propensity for overproduction triggers recurrent crises, destabilizing the system.

Play in App

Capitalism - A Transient Historical Phase: Capitalism, seen as a specific stage in economic development, is set to yield to socialism due to its inherent contradictions.

Play in App

Play in App

Play in App

Play in App
Get the App!
Access all 10 key ideas for free! ­čą│

Summary & Review

In "Capital", Karl Marx scrutinizes capitalism, revealing its inner workings and inherent contradictions. He explains how commodities, the cornerstone of capitalist production, conceal the social labor that contributes to their value. This allows for the extraction of surplus value, the source of capitalist profit, from workers' unpaid labor.

Karl Marx

Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, and social theorist of the 19th century, who is considered one of the most influential thinkers in history. His theories and criticisms of capitalist society significantly shaped the labor movement and the development of socialist and communist ideologies.

Explore more book summaries

The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto presents the principles of communism and the theory of class struggle, advocating for the overthrow of capitalist systems and the establishment of a classless, proletarian society.

Junkyard Planet

"Junkyard Planet" explores the global trash trade, revealing how the waste we produce and discard can become a profitable business. It delves into the recycling industry, discussing its environmental implications, the people involved, and how our consumption habits influence this billion-dollar industry.

Letters from a Stoic

"Letters from a Stoic" is a collection of moral epistles written by Seneca the Younger, providing profound insights into Stoic philosophy and offering practical advice on a variety of life's challenges.

Das K├Ânigreich Gottes ist in Dir

Das K├Ânigreich Gottes ist in Dir ist eine philosophische Erforschung der Lehren Jesu Christi, insbesondere mit Fokus auf das Konzept der Gewaltlosigkeit gegen├╝ber dem B├Âsen. Es argumentiert, dass die wahre Essenz des Christentums in der inneren spirituellen Vollkommenheit jedes Einzelnen liegt und dass gesellschaftliche und politische Ver├Ąnderungen dieser pers├Ânlichen Transformation nat├╝rlich folgen werden.

Freedom from the Known

"Freedom from the Known" is a philosophical book by Jiddu Krishnamurti that explores the concept of personal liberation through understanding the nature of the mind and breaking free from the constraints of tradition, environment, and conditioning.

Der Staat

In 'Der Staat' f├╝hrt Platon eine gr├╝ndliche Untersuchung der Gerechtigkeit durch eine kritische Bewertung der Funktionsweise des Staates durch. Das Buch erforscht auch die Verbindung zwischen Gerechtigkeit, Weisheit und der Natur eines vom Menschen verwalteten Staates.